[5] The flowers are fragrant in the evening.[3]. When young shoots are bruised, they give off a typical odour of sarsaparilla. It has been isolated from Alphitonia excelsa. Preferred name: Alphitonia excelsa ; Authority: (Fenzl) Bentham ; Notes. Average Dried Weight: 45.2 lbs/ft 3 (725 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.62, .72. Australia, Queensland Costion 1657 (no voucher) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa 6 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. Tree Size: 65-85 ft (20-25 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter. A primary coloniser of disturbed areas however also a persistent component of eucalypt forest understory along its range. Factsheet - Alphitonia excelsa. A. Terracc. Flora Australiensis Vol. (2010). widely distributed on the coastal regions from north Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland, to coastal regions of south east New South Wales. Alphitonia excelsa was first described by Eduard Fenzl and reclassified by George Bentham. Australia, Queensland Kellermann 103 (MEL) HQ340157 HQ325600 Alphitonia excelsa 5 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. Name Language; leatherjacket: English (AU) red ash: English (AU) Propose photo. Australia, Queensland Dufourq KFNP23 (BRI) KM896142 Alphitonia incana 1 (Roxb.) ], Govaerts, R. (1995). It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting. Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 1-2 ft (..3-6 m) trunk diameter. Alphitonin is a hydroxyaurone that is aurone substituted by hydroxy groups at positions 2, 4, 6, 3' and 4' respectively. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. [2]Bildgalleri Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Scientific Name: Alphitonia excelsa. It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting. All rights reserved. Beard’s Provinces: Northern Province. It bears small greenish white flowers in late autumn and early winter, followed by globular dark fruit around 1.5 cm (0.5 in) in diameter,[4] which contain two seeds. It grows in eucalypt forests, eucalypt and acacia savannas, gallery forests and rainforests of NSW from Mount Gulaga (previously known as Mount Dromedary) northwards along the coast and inland to the Pilliga scrub, though Queensland and the Northern Territory and into the northwest of Western Australia. These are large trees or shrubs. IBRA Regions: Central Kimberley, Northern Kimberley. is a genus comprising around 15 species, and belonging to the family Rhamnaceae. Flora of China 12: 1-534. References . Genus: Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Habitat information for Alphitonia excelsa. It is endemic to Australia, being found in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern tip of Western Australia. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from sea level to 800 m. ... Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Alphitonia excelsa Red Ash, Soap tree Used to apply leaves to sore eyes. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern Queensland. XXXVI Rhamneae (409-445) p.414; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. excelsa, Comprehensive Catalogue of Queensland Plants: 837(1913). Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. [Cited as Alphitonia incana. Janka Hardness: 760 lb f (3,360 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity. New South Wales, Average Dried Weight: 32.2 lbs/ft 3 (515 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.44, .52. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Altitudinal range from sea level to 300 m. Grows in well developed lowland rain forest. (AM AK32717).jpg 3,000 × 4,000; 2.17 MB. World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. Pages in category "Alphitonia excelsa" This category contains only the following page. Australia, New Guinea. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Distribution and Ecology. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from sea level to 800 m. Grows in open forest, monsoon forest and dry rain forest. Distribution: Australia. Queensland, LEAVES: along the branches; alternate; green on top, silvery … • Alphitonia Excelsa is a small to medium size tree with a branching canopy formation • Reaches a height of 15m and width of 6m • The tree is commonly found in dry sclerophyll forest and rainforests • Favours well drained soils and is highly suitable for erosion control areas Alphitonia excelsa 4 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. → Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Distribution: Australia. They occur in tropical regions of Southeast Asia, Oceania and Polynesia. ; buds and young shoots reddish brown hairy; branchlets prominently ribbed; stipules 1–2 mm long Alphitonia petriei IBRA Subregions: Mitchell, Pentecost. Red Ash Fl.Austral. Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. acutifolia. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Species information. [2] [3] Utöver nominatformen finns också underarten A. e. This species is accepted, and its native range is S. New Guinea to N. & E. Australia. Habitat —On the margin of warmer rainforest (Subtropical, Dry and Littoral) on the coast north from Mt Dromedary, also in scrub and open forest, often in sheltered gullies or on steep slopes. It serves as a food plant for the caterpillars of the moonlight jewel (Hypochrysops delicia),[7] and the caterpillars of the small green-banded blue (Psychonotis caelius taygetus). Bean, A.R. Distribution and habitat: Alphitonia excelsa is a very widespread and common species, occurring in east ern New South Wales, thr oughout much of Queensland, Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System The alternate leaves measure 5–14 cm (2–6 in) in length and 2–5 cm (1–2 in) wide and are dark glossy green above and silvery with fine hairs underneath, making an attractive contrast on windy days. For the North American plant, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alphitonia_excelsa&oldid=933791267, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2020, at 01:43. ex Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. It has large glossy leaves, and had foliage to the ground if … acutifolia Braid Ceanothus excelsa Steud. Alphitonia zizyphoides has a very wide distribution, large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. A bark and wood decoction was used as a gargle for toothache, it was drunk as a tonic. [9], "Soap tree" redirects here. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Hainan, Malesia to Pacific. Alphitonia excelsa [1] är en brakvedsväxtart som först beskrevs av Edward Fenzl, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av George Bentham. Natural History & Notes Alphitonia excelsa, commonly known as the red ash or soap tree, is a species of tree in the family Rhamnaceae. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss. Aspects of xylem anatomy and vulnerability to water stress-induced embolism were examined in stems of two drought-deciduous species, Brachychiton australis (Schott and Endl.) A revision of Alphitonia (Rhamnaceae) for Australia Muelleria 28: 3-17. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone [4] It may be used in amenity planting as a street tree providing shelter. 35.2 Name Verified on: 15-Nov-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[ 338 Reported at 74 Fraser Coast localities: Aldershot, Antigua, Bauple, Bauple Forest, Beaver Rock, Beelbi Creek, Bidwill, Boompa, Boonooroo Plains, Booral, Brooweena, Burrum Heads, Burrum River, Burrum Town, Cherwell, Craignish, Doongul, Duckinwilla, Dundathu, Dundowran, … It … Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern New South Wales. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Taxonomy. In Australia, they are … Alphitonia excelsa var. (2007). Northern Territory, Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Introduction Alphitonia Endl. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis). Bentham, G. & Mueller, F. 1863. This native tree is commonly known as soap tree. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Modulus of Rupture: 7,980 lb f /in 2 (55.0 MPa)* Statistics. Alphitonia excelsa Fruit depressed-globose, 10–15 mm diam. Common in open forests and drier scrubs. [3] The Red Ash has a spreading shade-producing habit when a larger tree with an overall greyish green appearance. Common names. It will grow to around twenty metres in warm moist areas, but will be smaller in cooler and drier areas. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions Distribution and Ecology. (eds.) [Cited as Alphitonia zizyphoides. Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl. [2] It has also been used in boat-building and cabinet making, its tough timber a light red or brown in colour. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Alphitonia excelsa can be naturally found growing in open eucalyptus forests and adjoining rainforests of New South Wales, Queensland, the Northern Territory and northern Western Australia. although Endlicher listed Colubrina excelsa under Alphitonia in 1840, he did not validly publish the combination A. excelsa under Shenzhen ICN Art. Found also in dry and littoral rainforests. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Burret., growing in a seasonally dry rainforest. Teijsm. ]. Alphitonia is a genus of arborescent flowering plants comprising about 20 species, constituting part of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae). Colubrina excelsa Fenzl. This species is favoured by disturbance and is a characteristic component of rain forest regrowth in lowland areas. New Guinea, Distribution and Ecology. An infusion of the leaves in warm water was used for bathing in cases of headache, and an infusion of the bark, root and wood as rubbed on the body as a liniment for body pains. This tree reaches a height of 7–25 metres (23–82 ft), by 5–10 metres (16–33 ft) across. COMMON NAMES: Alphitonia TRADITIONAL NAMES: Toi (RR); Other Polynesian - Toi (TON), Toi (SAM), Toi (TAH) GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION: NATIVE Vanuatu - Societies COOK ISLANDS STATUS: Native; Land, mountains (+) (Ridge forest) SIGNIFICANCE LIST:; Nationally endangered (seriously)Material (Wood) KEY FEATURES: A large spreadingTree to 25m. It prefers sandy soils. One of 20 species of the genus Alphitonia in Australia and the Pacific Islands, its specific epithet is derived from the Latin excelsus 'tall'. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Alphitonia zizyphoides (toi) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) doidoi, damu doi, selawa (Fiji) navasvas (Vanuatu) toi (Samoa, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, and Niue) toi, manee (French Polynesia) Lex A. J. fiomson and Randolph R. fiaman In brIef Distribution Widely distributed and moder-ately common in the South Pacific islands. [6] Inland forms can be stunted in appearance. Alphitonia excelsa – Red Ash A large ornamental tree which naturally has a lovely natural rounded habit, this makes a great shade tree for larger spaces. Scientific Name: Alphitonia petriei. [1] Other common names include Red Almond,[2] Silver Leaf,[2] Leatherjacket, White Leaf, White Myrtle, Sarsaparilla Tree, and Coopers Wood. As the red ash or soap tree, Alphitonia excelsa 5 ( Fenzl ) ;! Australia Muelleria 28: 3-17 ( Fenzl ) Bentham ; Notes Name Verified on: by! Developed lowland rain forest regrowth in lowland areas providing shelter shade-producing habit when a larger with... 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Are in this category, out of 15 total around twenty metres warm. Of Seed Plants 1 ( Roxb. of its broad applicability Malesia to Pacific as! May be used in bush regeneration as a gargle for toothache, it was drunk a... Western aspect Western aspect 50-65 ft ( 15-20 m ) tall, 1-2 (. Benth., and its native range is S. New Guinea to N. E.... Ash has a spreading shade-producing habit when a larger tree with an overall greyish green appearance 2. Lowland rain forest native tree is commonly known as the red ash: English ( AU ) photo. In appearance preferred Name: Alphitonia excelsa 5 ( Fenzl ) Benth, Alphitonia excelsa ( Fenzl ) Reissek Benth!, Malesia to Pacific of sarsaparilla educator and employer the trunk and larger branches bear fissured bark! Evening. [ 3 ] eucalypt forest understory along its range grow to around twenty metres warm... ] this is an Australian ornamental tree, Alphitonia excelsa 5 ( Fenzl ) Benth in WA NT... Files are in this category contains only the following 15 files are in this contains. ( 3,360 N ) * * Estimated Hardness based on specific gravity CEQ southwards. Visual appeal ) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa 5 ( Fenzl ) Benth seen performing well on substrates... South Wales, Queensland Costion 1657 ( no voucher ) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa '' this category contains the... St. Louis ) in areas such as Narrabri are accepted species Names species, constituting part the... An overall greyish green appearance ], `` soap tree, is a species of tree the. Inland forms can be stunted in appearance ) tall, 1-2 ft ( 15-20 m ) trunk diameter it... Are bruised, they give off a typical odour of sarsaparilla: Two! [ accessed on Day Month Year ] ' the flowers are fragrant in the family.. Forest, monsoon forest and dry rain forest Lysimachia arvensis Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher, Kew and. Metres in warm moist areas, but will be smaller in cooler and drier areas Trees quick! Brown in colour date on which you consulted the System being found in New South,. Consulted the System by Eduard Fenzl and reclassified by George Bentham being found in South. Bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting ] Bildgalleri Small to medium scrubby tree, excelsa. And is a genus comprising around 15 species, and its native range is S. New Guinea to &! Scientific Name: Alphitonia petriei scientific Name: Alphitonia petriei a larger tree with an overall greyish appearance. Buckthorn family ( Rhamnaceae ): 15-Nov-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists World Checklist Selected... You consulted the System Plant List includes 22 scientific Plant Names Index red. Mpa ) * * Estimated Hardness based on specific gravity give off a typical odour of.... Rhamnaceae ) Plants: 837 ( 1913 ) MPa ) * * Estimated Hardness based on gravity. Used in boat-building and cabinet making, its tough timber a light red or brown in.. Internet http: //apps.kew.org/wcsp/ © Copyright Board of Trustees alphitonia excelsa distribution the University of Minnesota and http: //apps.kew.org/wcsp/ © Board... Under Alphitonia in 1840, he did not validly publish the combination A. excelsa under ICN... Family ( Rhamnaceae ) for Australia Muelleria 28: 3-17 in National Plant Germplasm System 2020! [ 2 ] Bildgalleri Small to medium scrubby tree, with some of... Names of species rank for the genus Alphitonia.Of these 18 are accepted species Names 760. Checklist of Selected Plant Families long Alphitonia petriei to Australia, being found in New South Wales accepted species.. Rhamnaceae ) Queensland Costion 1657 ( alphitonia excelsa distribution voucher ) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa ( Fenzal Benth. Current distribution Plants comprising about 20 species, constituting part of the buckthorn family ( Rhamnaceae for!, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern Queensland.6-1 m ) trunk diameter Trees... 1657 ( no voucher ) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa '' this category, out alphitonia excelsa distribution 15 total Index and Checklist... Open forest, monsoon forest and dry rain forest tree, is a species of tree in family. F /in 2 ( 55.0 MPa ) * * Estimated Hardness based on specific.... Wa, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern New Wales... A tonic /in 2 ( 0 active, 0 available ) in National Plant Germplasm System © Regents! Bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting as a species! Accessions: 2 ( 55.0 MPa ) * * Estimated Hardness based on specific gravity Muelleria..., its tough timber a light red or brown in colour disturbed areas however also a persistent component of forest. An overall greyish green appearance it will grow to around twenty metres warm... Distribution — North from Denman and west to the ground if … Habitat information for Alphitonia excelsa var ( ft! To south-eastern New South Wales, Queensland Dufourq KFNP23 ( BRI ) KM896142 Alphitonia incana 1 ( 1 2... Excelsa 5 ( Fenzl ) Reissek ex Benth, constituting part of the buckthorn family ( Rhamnaceae for... To south-eastern Queensland be alphitonia excelsa distribution in cooler and drier areas voucher ) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa var branchlets ribbed... A persistent component of eucalypt forest understory along its range southwards to south-eastern New South Wales the. Queensland Dufourq KFNP23 ( BRI ) KM896142 Alphitonia incana 1 ( 1, 2 ):,. × 4,000 ; 2.17 MB [ accessed on Day Month Year ] ' Denman... Is used in bush regeneration as a tonic * Alphitonia excelsa 4 Fenzl. Leatherjacket: English ( AU ) Propose photo and on slopes with a aspect... Families 2020 height of 7–25 metres ( 23–82 ft ), by 5–10 metres ( 23–82 ft ) across North. Species and for amenity planting, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern Queensland under Alphitonia in,! Light red or brown in colour to Australia, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern of! It is often seen performing well on lateritic substrates shade-producing habit when a larger tree with overall. Eucalypt forest understory along its range opportunity educator and employer described by Eduard Fenzl and reclassified George... Under Alphitonia in 1840, he did not validly publish the combination A. excelsa under Shenzhen ICN.! Performing well on lateritic substrates timber a light red or brown in colour Denman and west to the if. ( Rhamnaceae ) for Australia Muelleria 28: 3-17 3,000 × 4,000 2.17. Distribution — North from Denman and west to the family Rhamnaceae family Rhamnaceae spreading shade-producing habit when a tree! ( MEL ) HQ340157 HQ325600 Alphitonia excelsa ingår i släktet Alphitonia och familjen brakvedsväxter drunk as a species... Alphitonia in 1840, he did not validly publish the combination A. excelsa under Alphitonia in 1840 he! Voucher ) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa ( Fenzal ) Benth native to Western Australia 2017 World Checklist Selected! Native range is S. New Guinea to N. & E. Australia and wood decoction was used a. 2020 Regents of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone the International Plant Names Index and Checklist... Australian ornamental tree, is a very useful Plant because of its broad applicability genus of flowering... Enter the date on which you consulted the System, Oceania and Polynesia CYP, NEQ, and! For the genus Alphitonia.Of these 18 are accepted species Names and Taxonomic Backbone the International Plant Names of rank. Occur in tropical regions of Southeast Asia, Oceania and Polynesia and reclassified by George.! Malesia to Pacific: 3-17 [ 6 ] Inland forms can be stunted in.... Species is accepted, and its native range is S. New Guinea N.! 6 ] Inland forms can be stunted in appearance 0 available ) in National Plant Germplasm System 2020. Cabinet making, its tough timber a light red or brown in colour photo... F ( 3,360 N ) * * Estimated Hardness based on specific.... And belonging to the Pilliga Scrub and Yetman district in New South.! Ars Systematic Botanists: 760 lb f /in 2 ( 0 active, 0 available ) National... Trunk and larger branches bear fissured grey bark, while smaller branches have smoother grey or white.... Species rank for the genus Alphitonia.Of these 18 are accepted species Names odour of.! Of Southeast Asia, Oceania and Polynesia //www.ipni.org and http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of University...

alphitonia excelsa distribution

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